May Is National Stroke Awareness Month It’s time to get the facts and be “stroke smart”
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  • • The National Stroke Association wants everyone to be “Stroke Smart” by…
    o Reducing Stroke Risk
    o Recognizing Stroke Symptoms
    o Responding quickly by calling 911 at the first sign of stroke

    • Stroke Facts
    o Stroke is a leading cause of death in the U.S.
    o 795, 000 people in the U.S. suffer strokes each year
    o Stroke causes 133,000 deaths in the U.S. each year
    o On average, someone suffers a stroke every 40 seconds in the U.S.
    o There are 7,000,000 stroke survivors in the U.S.
    o Stroke is a leading cause of adult disability
    o The National Stroke Association states that up to 80% of all strokes are preventable through risk factor management
    o The estimated direct and indirect cost of stroke was $73.7 billion in 2010
    o The mean lifetime cost of ischemic stroke in the U.S. is about $140, 048.

    • Definition of a Stroke
    o Sudden brain damage
    o Lack of blood flow to the brain caused by a clot or rupture of a blood vessel
    o Ischemic stroke: due to a clot (87% of strokes)
    o Hemorrhagic stroke: bleeding around or into the brain

    • Stroke Symptoms
    o Sudden and severe headache
    o Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
    o Sudden dizziness
    o Trouble walking
    o Sudden confusion
    o Trouble speaking
    o Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg

    • Think F-A-S-T
    o F= Face: Ask the person to smile
    o A= Arm: Ask the person to raise both arms
    o S= Speech: Ask the person to speak a simple sentence
    o T= Time: Call 911 immediately if you notice any symptoms of a stroke

    • National Stroke Association recommends the following guidelines to help people reduce their stroke risk:
    o Know your blood pressure and have it checked at least annually. If it is elevated, work with your health care professional to control it.
    o Find out if you have atrial fibrillation (A fib), which is a type of irregular heartbeat. If you do, work with your health care professional to manage it.
    o If you smoke, Stop.

    The above facts and information can be found by visiting www.stroke.org and through the National Stroke Association.

    -Anna Branquinho, OTR/L & Lauren Carlino, DPT
    Stroke Rehabilitation Team

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